In some countries teaching has a negative image and salaries are low. According to Cedefop Director James Calleja, ‘Our findings are a snapshot of skill shortage occupations in Europe and our method is a vital piece of the skills anticipation jigsaw. × Select any of the following social sharing services to share the page with. [35] There are no additional government initiatives to overcome shortages of hospitality professionals. Reply. Country experts were then asked to build on and scrutinise this list. Skill shortage lists — Occupation Nomination Form — Essential Skills in Demand Lists 2018 All occupation nominations must be submitted using the attached form. [accessed 25-04-2016] ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/reports/docs/emn-studies/attracting/02._belgium_ational_report_attracting_highly_qualified_and_qualifed_third_country_nationals_final_en.pdf. Nevertheless, it has severe skill shortages in Engineering and IT industry. [22] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014. [31] According to the Flemish PES, there is a high demand for hotel, kitchen and hall staff. Chef cook is a shortage occupation because the supply of chefs from hospitality education remains insufficient. shortage of room maids is explained by lack of competences and specifics of vacancies (usually a part-time job is offered which leads to an unemployment trap). Read more on Cedefop’s new briefing note: Skill shortage and surplus occupations in Europe, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training. Shortage Occupations for the Skilled Worker route. Le secteur de la sante et de l’action sociale en Wallonie  [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/986/164/20140116_Sante%26ActionSociale_Rapport2012-2013.pdf, [3] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. The following occupations that were previously considered lower skill level have now been recommended for the Shortage Occupation List: Healthcare practice managers (1241) Residential, day and domiciliary care managers and proprietors (1242) Dispensing opticians (3216) Hoger Onderwijs in Cijfers 2015-2016 (pag 18);  [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ond.vlaanderen.be/HogerOnderwijs/werken/studentadmin/studentengegevens/HOIC_2015_2016.pdf, [24] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. Immediate Skill Shortage List – June 2018 - 1 Immediate Skill Shortage List This is the revised Immediate Skill Shortage List, effective from 25 June 2018. Evidence provided by the University of Ghent suggests that there is a surplus of veterinarians [44]. But skill shortages arise for other reasons not related to skills. They created the “Technoteens” portal intended to make young people aware of technology. [12] Flemish PES [13], Walloon PES[14] and Brussels Capital Region PES identified that there is a shortage of ICT specialists (in the Flemish Region: integration and implementation experts, ICT business analysts, analyst developers, managers of ICT staff and database/network administrators; in Walloon Region – ICT operation managers, ICT/web developers and ICT analysts; in Brussels Capital Region – heads of computer science, software engineers, system/functional analysts, system/analyst programmers and ICT helpdesk technicians). Employments in respect of which there is a shortage in respect of qualifications, experience or skills which are required for the proper functioning of the economy. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, [32] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. The nation has a low rate of unemployment. 8 case studies on selected topics addressing recruitment and retention of health professionals, ec.europa.eu/chafea/documents/health/2015_healthworkforce_recruitment_retention_annex5_en.pdf, Actieplan 3.0 ‘Werk maken van werk in de zorg- en welzijnssector, jovandeurzen.be/sites/jvandeurzen/files/actieplan%20werk%20maken%20van%20werk%203%200_0.pdf, E-skills in Europe. The skill-level of a particular occupation is measured on the length of time it would take to retrain a new entrant with the skills needed to perform the necessary duties of the job. Furthermore, nurses are increasingly required to use digital skills and thus ensure the quality of provided care [6]. Shortage Occupations. Skilled chef where: the pay is at least £29, 570 per year after deductions for accommodation, meals etc; and the job requires five or more years relevant experience, and the job is not a fast food outlet or a standard fare outlet or an establishment which provides takeaway services. Medical doctors and health professionals [1], Shortages exist in the health care sector, particularly in the nursing profession. Reasons for this relate to recruitment problems, ageing of the population (due to higher demand), unfavourable working conditions (extended working hours), social and technical developments (new/other skills) as well as budgetary and political choices (budget cuts). The total number of students studying Person Care in vocational secondary education (BSO) and technical secondary education (TSO) also increased. When jobs appear on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists, this means the Government is actively encouraging skilled workers from overseas to work in that role in New Zealand. Across the EU, the top five skill shortage occupations are ICT professionals; medical doctors; science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professionals; nurses and midwives and teachers. All of them present high mismatch. The “Care Ambassador” initiative is continued in Action plan 3.0 ‘Make work of work in the health and social care sector’ [8]. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [25] Vlaamse overheid (2016), Kiezen voor STEM. [28]. Check which jobs are on the shortage occupations list in each area of the UK. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ikgaervoor.be, [10] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. European and national skill supply and demand forecasts for 2025: Now online, Skill shortages in Europe: Which occupations are in demand – and why. Occupational Group Occupation and ANZSCO number Required standard for work visa applicants with an offer of employment Qualifications must be comparable to the standard of the New Zealand qualification listed. In Italy demand for architects with green skills is growing. This list is set out in Schedule 3 of the Regulations. However, it is still possible to apply for a work visa if an occupation is not on the list. Furthermore, the initiative gives young people opportunities to visit a variety of tech companies and get in touch with technology. Belgian restaurants are the largest sub-sector in the hospitality sector by some margin, accounting for 53% of the total hospitality sector turnover and 58% of employment. It also provides insights into why skill shortages arise. The ‘Choose STEM’ initiative [25] aims to attract more technicians and to guide young people into technical, scientific and engineering education programmes. speaking at least three languages French, Dutch and English). [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [43] ISCO 225 Veterinarians, ISCO 324 Veterinary technicians and assistants, [44] Universiteit Gent (2016), Diergeneeskunde studeren? The Belgian hospitality sector has largely reflected wider economic performance, growing at approx. Cedefop has developed a way to identify occupations for which a critical shortage has important implications for national economies and their education and training systems. This list is part of Government immigration instructions … [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [11] ISCO 351 Information and communications technology operations and user support technicians, ISCO 252 Database and network professionals, ISCO 251 Software and applications developers and analysts, ISCO 133 Information and communications technology service managers, [12] European Commission (2014). Call for evidence for Shortage Occupation List. [accessed 25-04-2016] ec.europa.eu/chafea/documents/health/2015_healthworkforce_recruitment_retention_annex5_en.pdf, [8] Vlaamse overheid (2015), Actieplan 3.0 ‘Werk maken van werk in de zorg- en welzijnssector’. All of them present high mismatch. the Netherlands). If your job is on the list, you can be paid 80% of the job’s usual going rate to qualify for a Skilled Worker visa. students who enrol for the first time in higher education immediately after finishing high school (mainly 18-19 year olds), in the Nursing Bachelor programme increased. technical managers, technicians in the natural and applied sciences). ICT business analysts). Le secteur de la sante et de l’action sociale en Wallonie, www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/986/164/20140116_Sante%26ActionSociale_Rapport2012-2013.pdf, La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014, www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf, www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, Recruitment and Retention of the Health Workforce in Europe. some Member States, face a genuine shortage of applicants with the right skills. It has occupations on the Immediate and Long Term Skill Shortage Lists that are directly relevant to the Canterbury and Christchurch rebuild. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf, [4] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. Recruitment problems arise also from the low qualifications of candidates and lack of experience. Skill shortages are of particular concern, especially when unemployment is high. Note that some occupations may have the same ANZSCO code but may have different requirements depending on the region. The outlook for the coming years is dominated by a number of challenges that need to be addressed: attracting more students to ICT in higher education; improving human resource management (particularly career management) in the ICT industry; financing the needs of the system of continued vocational training in ICT, which is until now the most efficient way to reduce the skills shortage (at least in the short-term). Estonia and France face shortages of legal professionals. The list has been compiled by Cedefop in the first half of 2016 combining quantitative and qualitative methods. In addition, the ICT federation AGORIA (Federation of the Technology Industry) took action to raise awareness about shortages in the ICT workforce. Unattractive and stressful working environments and falling wages can discourage people from entering certain occupations. Canterbury Skill Shortage List (CSSL) Following the Christchurch 2010 and 2011 earthquakes, the CSSL lists the occupations in critical shortage in the Canterbury region. 3% per annum between 2000 and 2010. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [21] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. It is a growing challenge worldwide, affecting industries from construction to finance, with jobseekers lacking the required skills, and those with the desired capabiliti… In order to increase the inflow of nurses the following regional government initiatives have also been established [10]: job seekers can attend nursing education while maintaining their benefits, employees in caring functions have the right to use study facilities, nurses with a foreign education background are encouraged to obtain a degree in nursing through a shortened training program, the entry of returners (out of the labour market) is supervised and nurses are recruited from other countries (e.g. This list is effective from 1 January 2020, when the Employment Permits (Amendment) Regulations 2018 came into effect. To apply, you’ll need to have the specified work experience, qualifications and occupational registration to work in an occupation on our Long Term Skill Shortage List, and an offer for work in that occupation. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [40] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014 and Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. In addition, they need to undertake additional training to be able to deal with different aspects of well-being of patients. in Belgium, have to obtain a work permit for an occupation on the regional shortage occupations lists for the first year of work in Belgium. Medical doctors and health professionals . The ANZSCO system is essentially an attempt to classify every potential role and, as part of this, set minimum skill levels. The reasons for shortages vary depending on the specific occupation e.g. [30] EY (2013), Hospitality sector in Europe. Additionally, for some occupations (e.g. The sector organisation Horeca Vorming [37] provides training for job seekers willing to work in the hospitality sector. In keeping with this plan, Canada seeks to invite 341,000 skilled workers in 2020. Demand for ICT professionals is rising because almost every economic sector needs their skills. (2013), Attracting Highly Qualified and Qualified Third Country Nationals to Belgium. The PES of the Flemish Region offers, together with G4S a market leader in security solutions, a free training for jobseekers to become a security agent. [7] Since the start of the initiative the inflow of “generation students” –i.e. The Immediate Skills Shortage List (ISSL) is regionally based and mentions those occupations for which there is an immediate skill shortage within a region. The occupations presented are not given any rank. [24], At national level there are no specific policy measures. about Skills, qualifications and jobs in the EU: the making of a perfect match? The list below is based on an assessment of the labour market of Belgium. In particular, a list of mismatch occupations was formulated following quantitative analysis of labour market indicators. A further for shortages is the lack of specific education programmes like in the case of technical draftsmen. We need to know not only where skill shortages arise, but why. about European and national skill supply and demand forecasts for 2025: Now online, Skill shortage and surplus occupations in Europe. New Zealand has three essential skills in demand (ESID) lists across regional, long-term, and construction and infrastructure categories. Reasons for this relate to recruitment problems, ageing of the population (due to higher demand), … Changes are being made to education and training, efforts are being made to use existing reserves of labour and skills better and employees are being upskilled. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf. A non-governmental initiative within the hospitality sector concerns a range of internships offered to undergraduates and graduates. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [33] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. Regional Skill Shortage List This is the revised Regional Skill Shortage List, effective from 27 May 2019. The government of Canada has therefore increased its immigration targets and pans to bring in 1 million immigrants by 2022. Another activity undertaken by AGORIA is “because I’m Techie” within the framework of the e-skills 2016 [18] campaign. For example, for the academic year 2015-2016, only 262 students chose electro mechanics for a bachelor programme and 33 for a master degree [23]. 8 case studies on selected topics addressing recruitment and retention of health professionals. Even though raising the retirement age and the increasing number of pupils had some positive effect, it is not enough. If your occupation is listed on this list then you may assume that there is a high demand for your skills and not enough New Zealanders to fill the skill gap. [34] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014. More people, especially women, are being encouraged to study ICT and STEM subjects. Your employer will have to show that no suitable New Zealand candidates were available before a visa may be granted. Total employment in the ICT service industry in Belgium has increased over the years despite a slow-down after 2008. The nominated occupation must have an occupation code which can be found from the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO). Recruitment problems can be explained by the possible lack of candidates with the desired profile as well as with the fact that often wages are not proportional to the requested technical competences. However, the supply of ICT and STEM graduates from upper-secondary and higher education is insufficient to meet demand. January 2014;  [accessed 25-04-2016] eskillsmonitor2013.eu/fileadmin/monitor2013/documents/country_reports/country_report_belgium_th.pdf, [13] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. However, the recovery in the hospitality sector has been stronger, driven by, amongst other things, a reduction in the VAT rate applied to the restaurant and catering sub-sectors. Construction & Infrastructure Skill Shortage List. There was a contraction in both GDP and hospitality sector turnover in 2009, as a result of the global economic downturn. This website, as well as the publications and online tools accessible via this website, may contain UK data and analysis based on research conducted before the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020. Country Report: Belgium. Their expert assessment and knowledge of the country’s labour market has provided rich insights about the reasons behind the skills shortages or surpluses at occupational level. Looking at past, current and future trends (3-4 years), a number of occupations have been identified as mismatch priority occupations for Belgium, i.e. Given the working conditions, some of these professionals choose to work part-time or to retire early. At the same time, the number of nurse/carer vacancies in Flanders decreased. However, the share of EU firms faced with genuine skill shortages is smaller than one would believe solely on the basis of employer surveys. Country’s stakeholders have also been included in validating the final list of occupations. An increasing number of healthcare professionals work in sectors with better working conditions, such as the biotech industry and pharmaceuticals. Not all of this is good news: the closing gap can partly be explained by job losses as COVID-19 hits security budgets. These are also accompanied by measures and policies that aim to tackle such mismatches. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ond.vlaanderen.be/stem/, [26] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf. This is where Belgium Campus comes in to address the needs. Many teachers are expected to retire in the coming decade and shortages arise from the need to replace them. 2. This is a skills competition, awarding innovating technologies to young people. If you get a job in an occupation on the LTSSL and meet the list requirements, you may be granted a Work to Residence visa under the Long Term Skill Shortage List work visa . This concerns mostly small and household animal veterinarians; there is still demand for veterinarians of large animals (in agriculture). Focussed Study of the Belgian National Contact Point of the European Migration Network (EMN). [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, [31] EY (2013), Hospitality sector in Europe. The employers have no problems filling such posts. The PES for the Flemish Region reported “security agent” as a shortage occupation in 2014 with over 2 thousand vacancies going unfilled. E-skills in Europe. [27] In accordance with the Belgian labour migration policy, exemptions from the standard procedure (which aims only at specific labour demands) are granted to broader categories of foreigners. Government stimulus, via the extension of the reduced VAT rate following the 2009 recession, has had a positive impact on the sector, with turnover in the restaurant sub-sector increasing by 11% in 2010. The European Commision ensures the strategic steering to the Skills panorama, in line with EU policy objectives while Cedefop is responsible for the technical development of the site and the provision of data and information. Kind regards, Feija. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf, [15] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. The demand for security agents is growing in the region; however, it is more so for specialists with more advanced sets of skills (language and soft skills[41], ability to use software, etc.). We need to know not only where skill shortages arise, but why. To apply for this visa, you must hold a Long Term Skill Shortage List Work Visa and have worked in New Zealand for more than 2 years. Multilingual foreign workers or those that can speak at least one of the country's official languages, stand more chance of gaining employment. Some of the skills shortage jobs in Belgium include: Engineers; Project managers; Technicians; Architects; Accountants Employers are increasingly struggling to find the skills they need among the global talent pool. Europe’s ageing population is causing skill shortages for healthcare professionals and teachers, but in different ways. In 2015, vacancies for geriatrician, neurologist, emergency doctor, paediatrician and child psychiatrist were hard to fill in the Flemish region. The list below is based on an assessment of the labour market of Belgium. Country Report: Belgium, eskillsmonitor2013.eu/fileadmin/monitor2013/documents/country_reports/country_report_belgium_th.pdf, www.ond.vlaanderen.be/HogerOnderwijs/werken/studentadmin/studentengegevens/HOIC_2015_2016.pdf, Steeds meer buitenlandse technici op tijdelijke basis ingehuurd – artikel, www.engineeringnet.be/belgie/detail_belgie.asp?Id=15388&titel=Steeds%20meer%20buitenlandse%20technici%20op%20tijdelijke%20basis%20ingehuurd%20-%20artikel&category=hr_art, Attracting Highly Qualified and Qualified Third Country Nationals to Belgium. Employers also seek specialists with the right attitude and flexibility. [40] Reasons for shortages relate to unfavourable working conditions (safety issues, night shifts, working on weekends), which make the occupation less attractive to potential employees. This list includes most occupations previously included in the Canterbury Skill Shortage List and will be reviewed to reflect actual labour market needs. Country Report: Belgium. Surplus occupation: an occupation for which there are plenty of suitable workers available but low demand. Another reason for shortages relates to higher employer requirements regarding technical knowledge and specific expertise e.g. According to Cedefop Director James Calleja, ‘Our findings are a snapshot of skill shortage occupations in Europe and our method is a vital piece of the skills anticipation jigsaw. [2]. Similarly, many STEM graduates take non-STEM jobs. In total, the workforce consisted of 187 thousand ICT practitioners in 2012 which was 4% of the total workforce in Belgium. In the Walloon region, in 2014 there were more than 1 thousand unfilled vacancies for nurses and 279 vacancies for specialized nurses [3]. The inability to attract and retain talent ranked fifth on Aon’s global 2015 Global Risk Management Survey, and came in second place in North America and the Asia-Pacific region. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [27] Engineernet.be (2015), Steeds meer buitenlandse technici op tijdelijke basis ingehuurd – artikel. Some countries also suffer from ‘brain drain’ as STEM professionals emigrate for better jobs elsewhere. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [16] See: Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014, [17] European Commission (2014). [39] In comparison, the PES of the Walloon Region and the PES of the Brussels Capital Region did not identify security agent as a bottleneck occupation. Skills Panorama is brought to you by the European Commision, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion and powered by Cedefop, the European Centre for the Develeopment of Vocational Training. Nearly a quarter (23%) of respondents said that they or a peer had been let go as a result of the pandemic. To reduce skill shortages Member States are trying to increase supply of the skills in demand. According to the Flemish PES, nursing is a classic bottleneck occupation. Shortages exist in the health care sector, particularly in the nursing profession. The job must be in one of the following categories - executive chef, head chef, sous chef or specialist chef. This visa offers a pathway to New Zealand residence. The campaign ‘A job in (health) care: I go for it’ [9] is actively seeking young people and people willing to change their career to make a change into the (health) care sector (campaign started in 2011). National level there are at least 14 types of internships [ 36 ] relative to its major competitors in nursing. Classic bottleneck occupation furthermore, nurses are increasingly struggling to find the they. January 2014 ; [ accessed 25-04-2016 ] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/ $ FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, [ 25 ] Vlaamse (... Provided by the University of Ghent suggests that there is a skills,., growing at approx visa may be granted provided for information purposes and... And lack of experience and knowledge of several foreign languages provided by University! Market needs were hard to fill skill shortages arise, but also management capabilities, leadership skills qualifications! Is rising because almost every economic sector needs their skills Essential skills demand! Such as electric-vehicle production actual labour market of Belgium essentially an attempt to every. Australia needs to fill in the first half of 2016 combining quantitative qualitative! And unemployed people to qualify in shortage occupations for Belgium 41 ] VDAB 2015! Is increasing demand relates also to the Flemish region reported “ security agent ” a... 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